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This report collates resources and guidelines on AI impact assessments to support practitioners and policymakers seeking to design or implement safeguard against possible harms posed by certain AI technologies.


An overview of resources on AI impact assessments

A.I. Impact gives an overview of resources and frameworks for AI impact assessments to guide policymakers and practitioners seeking to protect human rights in the deployment of artificial intelligence.

AI Impact Assessments

Mapping the state of AI policy and regulation in Africa

The growing appreciation of the risks posed by unchecked uses of AI has fuelled interest among policymakers and practitioners in the use of AI impact assessments as a safeguard against potential harms.

Impact assessments evaluate any potential or actual harm caused by something, such as a project or plan, and aim to correct or mitigate the harm.
While critics have argued that impact assessments are a limited tool that do not adequately protect against human rights abuses in the domain of AI, the complexity of AI regulation suggests that effective oversight is only possible through multi-layered approaches that use a range of tools and mechanisms to offset each one’s limitations.
There is a growing body of research on how to effectively develop and implement an impact assessment in the context of AI. We collate a selection of these resources, sourced from global experts on the human rights implications of AI, that provide guidance and insight to practitioners looking to design and implement impact assessments of their own.
Explore the resources below, or access the full report here.

Guiding practitioners seeking to protect human rights

AI Impact Assessments


  • Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights 

    United Nations (2011)

    Part II of the guiding principles provides for the corporate responsibility to respect human rights. It recommends that businesses conduct human rights due diligence processes to identify and mitigate the adverse human rights impacts of their activities. It provides that these processes should involve meaningful consultation with potentially affected groups. Assessments should be taken at regular intervals.